Common underlying causes of cervicogenic headaches include poor sitting posture (especially head/neck position), an adverse workstation / desk environment, and altered muscular control of the shoulder blade.
Most neck problems start gradually with no apparent cause or event that the sufferer can recall. The injury process is slow with gradual wear and tear, often over many years, eventually resulting in pain. As with headaches the underlying cause of the problem can include poor sitting posture (especially head/neck position), an adverse workstation / desk environment and altered muscular control of the head/neck and shoulder blade regions.
Neck pain can also result from a specific movement or trauma such as a tackle in rugby, a fall, or ‘whiplash’ from a motor-vehicle accident. Research has conclusively demonstrated that pain inhibits correct functioning of the muscles that support our head and neck region which leads to further pain and acts as a barrier to recovery as and altered posture and movement patterns develop.